Welcome to our comprehensive guide on frequently asked questions about gynecomastia. Here, we address common questions related to the causes, grades, treatment options, and other aspects of gynecomastia.

At the New Jersey Gynecomastia Center, our experienced doctors specialize in personalized treatment solutions for the condition. They prioritize patient education and collaborate closely with each individual to develop customized treatment plans.

Whether you’re considering surgical intervention or just want to learn more, our team is dedicated to guiding you every step of the way, providing expert care and support throughout your gynecomastia journey.

Introduction to Gynecomastia

What is gynecomastia?

Gynecomastia refers to the enlargement of breast tissue, resulting in the appearance of male breasts. It can range from a localized swelling beneath the nipples to more widespread breast tissue enlargement. This is usually caused by a hormonal imbalance between estrogen and testosterone.

How is gynecomastia different from pseudogynecomastia?

Gynecomastia involves the growth of actual breast tissue, while pseudogynecomastia, often termed “false gynecomastia,” is characterized by excess fat accumulation in the chest area without glandular tissue enlargement. Distinguishing between the two is crucial for determining appropriate treatment options.

Is gynecomastia a common condition?

Yes, gynecomastia is relatively common, affecting up to 65% of adolescent males and around 25-30% of adult men. While it often resolves spontaneously in adolescents, it may persist or develop later in life, requiring medical intervention for correction.

Understanding Gynecomastia

How can I differentiate between gynecomastia and normal chest development during puberty?

Gynecomastia presents as a firm, rubbery mass beneath the nipples, often affecting both breasts symmetrically. In contrast, normal chest development during puberty typically involves softer, more diffuse tissue enlargement that resolves on its own over time.

What are the psychological impacts of gynecomastia?

Gynecomastia can significantly impact self-esteem and body image, leading to feelings of embarrassment, self-consciousness, and social withdrawal, especially in adolescents. Addressing these psychological effects is an essential aspect of managing the condition.

Can gynecomastia be a symptom of an underlying medical condition?

Yes, gynecomastia can sometimes signal an underlying hormonal imbalance or a medical condition such as hypogonadism, hyperthyroidism, or liver disease. Therefore, a thorough medical evaluation is necessary to identify and address any potential underlying causes.

Is gynecomastia always a benign condition?

While most cases of gynecomastia are benign and not associated with serious health risks, it’s essential to rule out any underlying medical conditions that may require treatment.

Causes of Gynecomastia

What hormonal imbalances lead to gynecomastia?

Gynecomastia often results from an imbalance between estrogen and testosterone levels. Increased estrogen or decreased testosterone can stimulate breast tissue growth in males. There can be a variety of causes that result in gynecomastia.

Can certain medications contribute to gynecomastia?

Yes, various medications can disrupt hormonal balance and contribute to gynecomastia, including anabolic steroids, anti-androgens, certain antidepressants, calcium channel blockers, and some other drugs.

Are there specific medical conditions associated with gynecomastia?

Yes, medical conditions such as hypogonadism (low testosterone production), hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid gland), liver disease, and kidney failure can predispose individuals to gynecomastia due to hormonal imbalances or impaired hormone metabolism.

Can recreational drug use cause gynecomastia?

Yes, substances like marijuana, amphetamines, heroin, and alcohol can disrupt endocrine function and lead to gynecomastia. Additionally, anabolic steroid abuse is a common cause of gynecomastia among bodybuilders and athletes.

Does age play a role in the development of gynecomastia?

Yes, age-related hormonal changes can contribute to the development of gynecomastia. It is common during infancy, puberty, and older age. Additionally, hormonal fluctuations associated with aging, such as decreased testosterone production and increased estrogen levels, can exacerbate the condition in older men.

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Pseudogynecomastia

What is pseudogynecomastia?

Pseudogynecomastia, also known as false gynecomastia, refers to the accumulation of excess fat in the chest area without glandular tissue enlargement. Unlike true gynecomastia, which involves the growth of breast tissue, pseudogynecomastia is primarily caused by excess fat tissue.

How can I differentiate between pseudogynecomastia and true gynecomastia?

While true gynecomastia typically presents as firm, rubbery tissue beneath the nipples, pseudogynecomastia is characterized by soft, fatty deposits in the chest area. A thorough physical examination and, if necessary, imaging studies can help distinguish between the two conditions and guide appropriate treatment options.

Grades and Stages of Gynecomastia

What are the different grades or stages of gynecomastia?

Gynecomastia is often classified into four grades based on severity. Grade I involves mild enlargement without excess skin; Grade II involves moderate enlargement with mild skin excess; Grade III involves moderate enlargement with moderate skin excess; and Grade IV involves severe enlargement with significant skin excess.

How is the grade of gynecomastia determined?

The grade of gynecomastia is typically assessed by evaluating the degree of breast tissue enlargement, the presence of excess skin, and the overall aesthetic appearance of the chest. This assessment helps determine the most appropriate treatment approach.

Cost and Insurance Coverage

How much does gynecomastia surgery typically cost?

The cost of gynecomastia surgery varies depending on factors such as the severity of the condition, surgical technique used, facility fees, and anesthesia costs. On average, the total cost can range from several thousand to several tens of thousands of dollars.

Is gynecomastia surgery covered by insurance?

In a small number of cases, gynecomastia surgery may be covered by insurance if deemed medically necessary to alleviate physical symptoms or psychological distress. However, coverage policies vary, and pre-authorization may be required.

Pre-Surgery Preparation

Will I need to stop taking any medications before surgery?

Your surgeon at the New Jersey Gynecomastia Center will provide specific instructions regarding medications to avoid before surgery, particularly blood thinners and herbal supplements that can increase the risk of bleeding.

How long before surgery should I stop smoking?

It’s advisable to quit smoking at least a few weeks before surgery to reduce the risk of complications and promote optimal healing. Smoking can impair circulation and delay wound healing.

Are there any dietary restrictions I should follow before surgery?

Your surgeon may recommend a balanced diet rich in nutrients to support optimal healing. It’s essential to stay hydrated and avoid excessive alcohol consumption before surgery.

Post-Surgery Recovery

When can I resume normal activities after gynecomastia surgery?

Most patients can gradually resume light activities within a few days to a week after surgery, but strenuous exercise and heavy lifting should be avoided for several weeks to ensure proper healing.

Will I need to wear a compression garment after surgery?

Yes, wearing a compression garment as instructed by your surgeon is essential to minimize swelling, support the surgical area, and promote optimal healing during the initial recovery period.

How should I care for my incision sites after surgery?

Your surgeon will provide specific instructions for incision care, which may include keeping the area clean and dry, applying prescribed ointments or dressings, and avoiding exposure to direct sunlight to prevent scarring.

Are there any lifestyle changes I should make after gynecomastia surgery?

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, including regular exercise and a balanced diet, can help optimize and maintain the results of gynecomastia surgery. Avoiding weight fluctuations and minimizing alcohol consumption may also be beneficial.

How soon can I resume exercise after gynecomastia surgery?

While light activities such as walking are typically encouraged shortly after surgery to promote circulation and reduce the risk of blood clots, strenuous exercise should be avoided for several weeks to allow for proper healing. Your surgeon will provide specific guidelines based on your case.

Choosing the New Jersey Gynecomastia Center

Why should I choose the New Jersey Gynecomastia Center for gynecomastia treatment?

The New Jersey Gynecomastia Center offers specialized expertise in the diagnosis and treatment of gynecomastia, with a dedicated team of board-certified plastic surgeons who prioritize patient safety, comfort, and satisfaction. Our state-of-the-art facilities and personalized approach ensure optimal outcomes for every patient.

What sets the New Jersey Gynecomastia Center apart from other facilities?

At the New Jersey Gynecomastia Center, we prioritize patient education, providing comprehensive consultations to discuss treatment options, expectations, and potential outcomes. Our surgeons utilize advanced surgical techniques tailored to each patient’s unique anatomy, ensuring natural-looking results with minimal scarring and downtime.
Reach out today to schedule your free in-person or virtual consultation to get you started on your journey.


At the New Jersey Gynecomastia Center, we’re all about giving you top-notch care from start to finish. From your very first consultation to your recovery and beyond, we’re here for you every step of the way. We’re honored to be entrusted with your care, and we take that responsibility seriously. Our team, led by board-certified gynecomastia plastic surgeon specialists, is dedicated to providing the absolute best in patient care and outcomes. We understand that every person is unique, so we tailor our approach to suit your individual needs. Got questions? Ready to schedule your in-person or virtual consultation? Don’t hesitate to reach out to the New Jersey Gynecomastia Center today. We’re here to help!

New Jersey Gynecomastia Center
1567 Palisade Avenue #3A
Fort Lee, New Jersey 07024
(551) 201-1110